Stretch marks occur in the middle layer of the skin, which is the layer that helps skin keep its shape. They develop when the skin’s middle layer is constantly stretched, resulting in the skin becoming less elastic by the thinning or tearing of connective fibers. The body responds to the problem by forming scar tissue, which we know as a stretch mark.
Stretch marks are a form of scarring that happens when skin doesn’t bounce back after it’s been stretched by pregnancy, weight gain, or extreme weight loss. Stretch marks often start off looking reddish or purplish and then become glossy, making the skin appear to be streaked in silver or white.
New stretch marks may have a red, pink, brown, or purple color and can be itchy. Typically, they occur in pregnant women and people experiencing growth spurts. Areas affected are usually the lower abdomen, breasts, back, hips, buttocks, and thighs. Others may see stretch marks in the shoulders, upper arms, and chest.
Specific syndromes or drug-related conditions can result in stretch marks on the face or in other uncommon areas.. Without treatment, stretch marks fade to a color lighter than your natural skin. They are usually several inches long and can range in width.
There are a number of factors that can cause stretch marks including genetics, weight gain, drugs, and skin pigmentation .
Stretch mark can be treated with a variety of laser treatments and can reduce the appearance and pigmentation changes. Ask your dermatologist about what options might be right for you.